Sunday, March 19, 2017

UNDP Role In Development Of UP

             United Nations(UN) and its sister systems are working in 193 countries. The Sustainable Development Goals(SDGs) are new, universal set of goal, targets and indicators. Sustainable development associates itself with planet, people, prosperity, peace, and partnership.
             The Government of India(GoI) has played a leadership role in defining  the SDG agenda. Starting 2016, countries are expected to frame their agendas and policies  to end poverty, protect the planet, enjoy peace  and ensure prosperity for all by 2030.
            There are 17 SDGs with 169 targets. Gram Panchayat (GP) will have  a crucial role to play in achieving the SDGs. The Indian constitution envisaged that GPs are to ensure local economic development and social justice.
            GP is expected to play an effective role in the planning and implementation of functions related to 29 subjects enlisted in the eleventh schedule of the constitution. It is important  to set GP- level targets with measurable indicators that will have vertical and horizontal linkages, convergence possibilities, resource mobilisation potential and feasible actions by the GPs.
           UNDP works in more than 170 countries and territories, helping to achieve the eradication of poverty, and  the reduction of inequalities and exclusion. It helps countries  to develop policies, leadership skills, partnering abilities, institutional capabilities and build resilience in order to sustain development results.
           UNDP is working in India since 1951 in almost areas of human development, from democratic governance to  poverty eradication, to sustainable energy and environmental management. UNDP keeps programmes aligned with national priorities.
           UNDP is working in UP in three thematic areas as follows:
1. Poverty reduction.
a) Improving efficiency of vaccination systems in multiple states.
 b) Strengthening  NYKS and NSS in India.
2. Energy and environment.
a)  Upscaling energy efficiency production in small scale steel industry in India.
b) Energy efficiency improvements in commercial bulidins.
3. Democratic Governance.
a) Increasing access to justice for marginalised people.
b) Human development: Towards Bridging Inequalities.
c) Strengthening Human Resource Management             
            I met UNDP India country director Jaco Cilliers on March 17th, 2017.  We discussed  developmental issues of UP. Main focus of  discussion was how to use ICT in different programmes to achieve Good Governance.
            UP, being the biggest state of India, has huge scope of work and opportunities. I requested him that UNDP must increase its activities and projects in a big way in UP.  He agreed in principle to my offer and request.

Wednesday, March 15, 2017

Learning From Modi Management For Public Actors

                  Goveranace, Government, And Good Goverance     
          Uttar Pradesh (UP) assembly election 2017 result were declared on March 11, 2017.  The BJP scored 325 out of 403- a landslide victory beyond imagination of even  for PM Modi. This is point of analysis and learning for pubic actors to know what the factors associated with him  that have brought him flying colours and what type of  political marketing management that he applied to get stunning victory.                                                         
           Reputation ( image) is the opinion that people, in general, have about someone or something, or how much respect or admiration someone or something receives, based on his past behaviour or characteristics.
          Public has strong positive perception about PM Modi's reputation and image. One; he considers whole Indians as his family unlike our close biological or traditional family. Two; he is the corruption free public actor as there is no one to do corruption for. Three; hard worker. Four; one of the best orators and communicators. Five; deep and ground knowledge about public affairs managements and systems. Six; he adopts  and embraces changes according to the need of time. Seven; he is a keen learner to keep himself updated. Eight; he has fire in belly to better the country and to do something new to improve quality of life of public particularly the poor.                                                     
          Trust is a firm belief in the reliability, truth or ability of someone or something.  Synonyms of  trust are confidence, belief, faith. Trust and respect build  relation between public and public actors. PM Modi is enjoying strong public trust. He is commanding huge public respect too. This is because of his selfless attitude, pubic welfare oriented acts, and deeds.                                                     
          Political  marketing management is the tool to bring all factors together to get desired results. He does advance meticulous planning and implements it rigorously. The BJP organising secretary UP  worked hard day and night since last two years under his able guidance.  Many Past elections indicate that PM Modi does not believe in short term gain and game of election management.
          What he did in UP? First, he set social equations right.  He snatched non-yadav OBCs from SP. He attracted non-Jatav SCs from BSP. He tried to bring muslim women to his side by raising" Triple Talaq" issue in women's favour. Farmer community (Kurmi) and other Most backward class gave the desired base to PM Modi. Once the base was ready, floating voters came to him, as he proved himself in winning position.
          Public likes and admire decisive leaders.  Demonetisation has worked in favor of the BJP.  PM Modi marketed it  as the surgical strike against black money which is the cause of our economic misery. Demonetisation is risky, tricky, bold and difficult decision.
          He projected demonetisation as the pro-poor act and fight against corruption.  Strong opposition by other political parties helped him a lot to convince voters that he is being opposed because he is trying to  reduce and kill corruption. He got huge public support and vote in spite of pain of standing in queue by public due to demonetisation. His demonetisation narrative has made him the sole claimant of the pro-poor plank.
          Poverty has neither caste nor creed. It simply separates haves from have-nots, the satisfied and opulent from the economically battered. " Garibi Hatao" is an old slogan to help the poor. But, it was more on paper rather than a real act to alleviate poverty.
          PM Modi, in his very first speech in the Parliament said, " The era of poverty alleviation was over. The age of poverty elimination had begun." Again, he, in his first address from the Red Fort, said governance is nothing if it is not about improving the quality of life for the poor every day. This shows his pro poor mind set and his deep concern about this issue.
          To help the poor and  to bring them out of poverty, he started many projects and programmes. Mudra is one such scheme of economic empowerment. The opening of Jan Dhan accounts, as a drive in mission mode, was another step to enable the poor to send benefits into their accounts directly as DBT. Ujjawala scheme gave 52 lakh homes deposit-free connection in UP. There are many more such steps. These are just indicative. The PM means what he says,' sab ka saath, sab ka vikas'.
                   There are many such issues raised time to time to refresh voters' memory about their bad experience to get their favourable mandate. Very tactfully PM Modi reminded the voters of the  woes suffered by them to get favourable votes. And he was successful in his political marketing approach.
          Good Governance and corruption are inversely related. If one increases, the other decreases in the same proportion. PM Modi is following a policy of zero tolerance against corruption. At G20 meeting held in Hangzhou, China, in September 2016,  PM Modi called for the eradication of tax havens for economic offenders and a crackdown on black money hoarders, money launders and tax offenders.
          GoI is focussing on clamping down on black money in the country and plugging the loopholes that make economic offences possible. For this,  GoI has announced several measures in series.  the next expected in this series of actions, is strict implementation of stringent Benami Act as he hinted during 2017 election campaign.
          In UP election of 2007, main issue was Law & Order. In 2012, main contesting point was corruption and misuse of money. Now in 2017, core issue is Good Governance and Development. Past three elections gave majority to a single party and the ruling party was defeated.
          At this time, election in UP was a triangular contest. BJP, BSP and SP(INC) fought in a well organised manner and neck to neck. Each of them tried to convince voters about the good governance provided  and development done in past while in power and plan for it if gets chance to serve again.
          In our family, we often discuss three good qualities we see in new people we meet. Using that mindset, there are more than a fair share of qualities to respect in Modi.
          Some best qualities of PM Modi's are: One; he struggled and fought many battles to reach where he is. Two; he is towered over current political leaders, both inside and outside his political party. Three; he reject conventional thinking and politics. He  promotes innovative style of functioning. Four;  he has dismissed divisive agendas and offered an inclusive worldview.
          From management angle,  personality politics overpowered party politics. Voters voted the one who has good track records and public trust for good governance, development and management.
           What is learning and take away points for public actors. One; we must build good reputation and trust by good  acts and deeds. Two; we should prefer advance long term meticulous planning over short term. Three;  a well calculated  implementation is the key to success. Four; framing right issue and action points should be well researched and relevant. Five; communication  and connecting must be easy and simple.
          Reputation, Trust and Management are three interrelated elements. Public actors practice all three ingredients in tandem to achieve favourable results. These are visible facts and acts form management point of view which bring flying colours to PM Modi frequently.

Heera Lal ( Views are personal and based on different sources)

Friday, March 10, 2017

Dance of Democracy: Fractured vs Clear Mandate-UP 2017

In 5 States - UP, Uttarakhand, Goa, Manipur, Punjab- election is over. Counting is due on 11th March 2017 for much awaited results. Ensuring a free and fair election is always a cumbersome and require preparation on gigantic scale.
 Election Commission of India and all its officer, security forces are some of the unsung heroes who deserve appreciation in conducting the free, fair, peaceful & unbiased polls.
In last two elections 2007 and 2012, UP voters gave clear mandate with a very high expectation from the winner. In many intellectual circles, prediction for fractured mandate is buzzing for upcoming results. 
Intellectuals have to understand that people are tired from the coalition, corruption, asymmetric development and lack of accountability among the government setup and last few elections concludes that.
However, cloud would clear tomorrow (11th March) with the declaration of results. A lot is on Stake for the parties who is ruling their respective State and opposition parties with their finger crossed with anticipation and eyes on exit polls etc. 
Logic and past trends support a clear majority to a single party in Uttar Pradesh. Voters in UP and respective Election States are matured and involve themselves in democratic election process and willing to drive the change for good. 
The days are long over to polarize and divide the people completely based on cast, religion etc. to grab power. Public actors & Political masters have to understand the ground reality and adopt for change.
During the month long polling process in UP, voters keep on discussing about upcoming results. Voters kept involved directly or indirectly in election process due to sudden jolt of demonitisation. 
All eyes are set on Lucknow being the capital of most populace state in country.  In the past two elections  UP mandated to single party. Seeing the maturity of the voters and continuous active involvement in election process, there is no concrete evidence of fractured mandate in 2017. Albeit the ground reality, circumstances support for a single party mandate with a required magic figure like past two elections.

In UP election of 2007, main issue was Law & Order. In 2012, main contesting point was corruption and misuse of money. Now in 2017, core issue is Good Governance and Development.  Agenda is changed on which present election is fought from the last two elections. Hence, it is important to understand the changing tunes of election. Like last two eletion, this time also mandate would be a clear majority for a party. 
This time election in UP is a triangular contest. BJP, BSP and SP(INC) fought in a well organised manner and neck to neck. All three tried to convince voters about their good governance provided in past while in power and plan for it if gets chance to serve again.
 From political marketing management angle, personality politics overshadowed party politics. It is a contest of three personalities one from each party rather than party. Voter would have voted the one who has good track records and public trust for good governace and development.

 views are personnel and based on different sources